2023 - European Islamophobia Report


The European Islamophobia Report (EIR), established in 2015, is the primary source for anti-racist activists, researchers, and policymakers on the development of Islamophobia in the region of Europe. The annual publication of the EIR allows different audiences to look at the state of the art as well as the development of Islamophobia in respective European nation-states. This makes it important for our authors to keep a clear and similar structure in all reports for the sake of comparing within countries as well as cross-countries.

Please note that the EIR is NOT an academic paper in a narrow sense nor is it a case study. Also, the national reports are NOT a chronological list of Islamophobic attacks that occurred from January to December in the respective country.

The authors should also read the previous years’ country reports and should not repeat the same historical background information in their report. Rather than looking at the historical background, the main attention should be given to developments and incidents in the year 2023. For 2023, please also consider including the implications of the Gaza conflict, the responses of the European governments to it, and the ramifications for Muslims.

As an author, we want you to write a report following the structure (i.e. titles and subtitles in the same order) mentioned below. Make sure to be able to gather as much information as possible on underreported themes based on interviews and data from NGOs or community organizers.


European Islamophobia Report

By gathering 35 local scholars, experts, and civil society activists specialised in racism and human rights, the seventh edition of the European Islamophobia Report addresses a globally important issue. All 27country reports included in this year’s annual report follow a unique structure that invites comparison between countries and across the years since this report series was first established ,n 2015. It allows for selected readings on a particular topic such as politics. Employment, or education with regard to Islamophobia across Europe.

The present report investigates in detail the underlying Dynamics that directly or indirectly contribute to the rise of anti-Muslim racism in Europe. This extends from Islamophobic statements spread in national media to laws and policies that restrain the fundamental rights of European Muslim citizens and ultimately threaten the whole of society. As a result, the European Islamophobia Report 2021 discusses the impact of anti-Muslim racism on human rights such as freedom of association, freedom of speech, and religious freedom, and the state of law in Europe.

This seventh edition of our report continues to Show the effects of the COVId-19 pandemic on Islamophobia, and how anti-Muslim legislation and measures in states like Austria  and France have developed and been opposed by civil society. The 27 country reports demonstrate the ways in which governments, political parties, and media participate and counteract the reproduction of discourses that put the fundamental rights of European citizens in jeopardy.

This compendium of fact-based and insights and practical data aims to provide European policymakers, institutions, and NGOs with recommendations on how to tackle anti-Muslim racism in Europe systematically and with success.



Online Panel
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Enes Bayraklı
Prof. Dr. Farid Hafez
Dr. Amani Hassani
Amina Smits
European IslamophobIa Report

In the Media